Graduate studies - Studies in Biochemistry and Physiology, Studies at the Institute of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje

1st cycle, 4 years, 8 semesters, 240 ECTS-credits

Field- biology – biochemistry and physiology/natural and environmental sciences

The study program in biochemistry and physiology lasts for 4 years (8 semesters) with 3600 classes of theory and practice, for which the student acquires 240 credits. The professional title after the termination of the first cycle of studies and defense of graduate thesis is Bachelor of Science in Biology - Biochemisty and Physoiology (B.Sci.Biol.Bioch and Physiol.) Thus study at bachelor's level and the program is designed to meet the level VII/2 and qualification descriptors in full. The study program provides continuation of education on higher level i.e. postgraduate studies (specialisation or masters studies) in different areas of biology, biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology and environmental sciences.

Type of description Cycle of study Qualification descriptors
Knowledge and understanding 1st cycle - Demonstrate knowledge of natural and mathematical sciences (mathematics, biostatistics, physics, general chemistry, inorganic and organic chemistry).
- Demonstrate knowledge of number of biological sciences based on the understanding of the biochemical and physiological processes in different levels of biological organization.
- Demonstrates deeper knowledge in the area of biochemical and physiological sciences: how the microorganisms, plant and animal cells function, from structure - to function connection, as well as physiological, biochemical, genetical and molecular changes in the function of adapatation.
Applying knowledge and understanding - Possess the ability and enough experience to study the functioning of all level of biological organization, including the organism as a whole.
- The acquired knowledge can be used in the process of identification of normal functioning of the organisms (microorganisms, plants and animals), and in seeing and identifying the reasons for changes and irreversibility in the functioning of the organisms.
- Possess originality in the application of the knowledge, together with the practical understanding of how established techniques of research are used to create and interpret knowledge in the discipline.
- Possesses knowledge for the biochemical and molecular processes on the level of cells, as well as physiological processes on the level of organism, as well as alternative pathways of the metabolic processes in a condition of changes in the external and internal environment.
- Acquires knowledge to make independent qualitative and quantitative analyses of different biological materials, raw material and products, to introduce and standardize new analytical methods, to handle with the equipment for different instrumental methods, to manage the production process and to adjust the dynamics of it.
- The acquired knowledge can be applied in healthcare (diagnostic) laboratories, laboratories within scientific and research institutions in R. Macedonia, microbiological and biochemical laboratories in industries (food, technological and metal industry), educational institutions, laboratories for food control quality for research and development in relevant institutions and in different governmental institutions (Ministries).

Making judgment - Demonstrates skills for deduction of conclusions from experiments and laboratory and natural environment.
- Possesses skills for adjustment and organization of the education according to the educational programs and needs of the pupils/students.
Communication skills - Ability for team work and active collaboration within group, through sharing responsibilities and tasks.
- Ability for communication with the public and the competent institutions (Ministries, research centers, laboratories, educational institutions).
- Ability for clear and undoubtedly presenting of the findings, conclusions and the results of the investigations in front of the expert media, as well as ability to adjust the style and form of presentation in front of non-expert media.
- Effective participation in multidisciplinary teams in the area of natural sciences, biological, biochemical, biomedical and biotechnical sciences.
- Taking responsibility both for individual, as well as collective results, initiation and conduction of the activities.
Learning skills Taking initiative for identification of the needs for education for further professional advancements, with high degree for independent decisions.
- Regular monitoring of the latest scientific developments and trends in the field of the biology, especially in the area of biochemistry, molecular biology and physiology through seminars, conferences and trainings.





Semester 1

Cell Biology

General Chemistry

Mathematics and Biostatistics

Physics for Biologists

Human Anatomy


Semester 2

Organic Chemistry

Plant Anatomy and Morphology

Histology and Embryology

Laboratory Practicum

Elective subject


Semester 3

Analytical and Instrumental Chemistry

Biochemistry 1

Typology of Animals

Cell Biophysics

Elective subject


Semester 4

General Physiology

Plant Systematics

Biochemistry 2

Basic Ecology and Evolution

Physical Chemistry

Elective subject


Semester 5

Comparative Physiology


Basic Molecular Biology

Plant Biochemistry

Elective subject


Semester 6

Plant Physiology

General Genetics

Applied Physiology

Elective subject

Elective subject

Elective subject


Semester 7

Plant Cell and Tissue Cultures

Plant and Animal Ecophysiology



Elective subject

Elective subject


Semester 8

Clinical Biochemistry


Elective subject

Elective subject

Diploma Thesis


List of elective subjects



Introduction to Ichthyology

Animal Behavior

Forensic Entomology

Biology of Cancer

Physiologic Functions of Secondary Biomolecules


Animal Tissue Culture

Metabolic Engineering of Plants


History of Biology

Radiation Biology

Laboratory Analysis of Plant Material

Physiological Mechanisms of Circulation

Medicinal Fungi

Biology of Diatoms

Medicinal Plants

Plant Nutrition and Metabolism

Genetically Modified Organisms


Plant Antioxidants

Ontogeny of Vertebrates

Microbe Biotechnology

Applied Enzymology

Experimental Biochemistry

Micropropagation of Genetically Modified Plants