Graduate studies - Studies in Biology (Teachers in Secondary Education), studies at the Institute of Biology, faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje

1st cycle, 4 years, 8 semesters, 240 ECTS-credits

Field- biology - ecology/environmental sciences

The study program in ecology lasts for 4 years (8 semesters) with 3600 classes of theory and practice, for which the student acquires 240 credits. The professional title after the termination of the first cycle of studies and defense of graduate thesis is Bachelor of Science in Biology - Ecology (B.Sci.Biol.Ecol.) Thus study at bachelor's level and the programme is designed to meet the level VII/2 and qualification descriptors in full. The study programme provides continuation of education on higher level i.e. postgraduate studies (specialization or masters studies) in different areas of biology, ecology and environmental sciences.

Type of description Cycle of study Qualification descriptors
Knowledge and understanding 1st cycle - Acquires general knowledge in natural sciences (physics, geography, pedology, chemistry).
- Possesses knowledge of vast number of biological sciences as basis for understanding ecology and environmental sciences.
- Shows deep understanding of ecological sciences: functioning of natural and anthropogenic ecosystems, nutrients cycling in the biosphere, principle of environmental protection and ecological legislation.
Applying knowledge and understanding - Acquires skills and experience for studying on natural ecosystems functioning.
- Implementation of acquired knowledge in identifying of the causes for disturbance in natural ecosystems and pollution of the environment.
- Skills for managements, conservation and protection of the environment, nature and biodiversity, sustainable use of natural resources and ecosystems and landscape planning,
- Skills of independent environmental (and nature) impact assessment of certain investment programs.
- The knowledge can be applied in educational process, research institutions, industry, laboratories for environmental quality control, implementation of environmental law.
Making judgment - Demonstrates skills for realization of complex ecological research and drawing of relevant conclusions.
- Independent judgment for the state of the environment and nature as well as finding solutions and recommendations.
- Shows understanding of the legal system for the protection of the environment and nature in the Republic of Macedonia and skills for assessment of the effectiveness of the implementation of legal measures.
Communication skills - Skills for team work and active collaboration with other team members by sharing of responsibilities and tasks.
- Skills for communication with public, governmental stakeholders (ministries, research centers, educational organizations) and the business sector.
- Skills for public presentation of conclusions, facts and results of the research as well as environmental state and problems.
- Effective participation in multidisciplinary teams concerning the environment.
- Responsibility for individual and team results, initiation and management of projects.
Learning skills - Continuously follows the latest achievements in biology and biological education through seminars, conferences, training courses, etc.
- Presents initiative for farther improvement of professional skills and high independence in the shaping of future education having in mind the needs of the society.





Semester 1



Mathematics and Biostatistics



Semester 2


Biochemistry for ecologists


Elective subject


Semester 3

Animal physiology and eco-physiology

General ecology

Abiotic factors



Semester 4


Plant physiology and eco-physiology

Ecology of terrestrial ecosystems

Elective subject


Semester 5



Ecology of anthropogenic ecosystems

Basic Molecular Biology

Elective subject


Semester 6


Ecology monitoring and bioindicators


Elective subject


Semester 7

Environmental protection



Elective subject

Elective subject


Semester 8

Phytocoenology and vegetation of Macedonia

Ecosystems valorization


Elective subject

Diploma Thesis



List of elective subjects

Radiation Biology

Zoology of water invertebrates

Laboratory Analysis of Plant Material

History of Biology

The diatoms: applications for the environmental and medicine

Environmental legislation

Biology of Diatoms

Medicinal plants

Microbial ecology


Population genetics

Landscape ecology

Assessment of ecosystems values

Macrofungi of Macedonia

Ecology of harmful algae


Basic Ichthyology

Mathematical мodelling in biology, population ecology


Biomass and production of terrestrial ecosystems