Graduate studies - Studies in Molecular Biology, studies at the Institute of Biology, faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje

1st cycle, 4 years, 8 semesters, 240 ECTS-credits

Field- biology - molecular biology and genetics

The study program in molecular biology lasts for 4 years (8 semesters) with 3600 classes of theory and practice, for which the student acquires 240 ECTS. The professional title after the termination of the first cycle of studies and defense of graduate thesis is Bachelor of Science in Biology - Molecular Biology (B. Sci. Mol. Biol.) Thus study at bachelor's level and the programme is designed to meet the level VII/2 and qualification descriptors in full. The study programme provides continuation of education on higher level i.e. postgraduate studies (specialisation or masters studies) in the areas of molecular biology, molecular genetics, genetic engineering and biotechnology.

Type of description Cycle of study Qualification descriptors
Knowledge and understanding 1st cycle - Acquires general knowledge in life and natural sciences (chemistry, physics and general biology).
- Possesses knowledge of vast number of biological sciences as basis for understanding molecular biology and genetics.
- Shows deep understanding of molecular biology, molecular genetics and genetic engineering: heredity at the molecular level, macromolecular biostructures (nucleic acids and proteins), functioning and connections between the macromolecular components and engineering of the molecular processes.
Applying knowledge and understanding - Acquires skills and experience for research of nucleic acids and proteins, their function, interactions and inheritance of the traits.
- Implementation of acquired knowledge in identifying of the hereditary and acquired genetic diseases at molecular level.
- Skills for writing and managements of research projects in the areas of molecular biology, molecular genetics and genetic engineering.
- The knowledge and skills for application of the investigations in medical, veterinary and agricultural laboratories for molecular diagnostics, as well as in the biotechnology industry.
Making judgment - Demonstrates skills for realization of complex molecular biology and genetics research and drawing of relevant conclusions.
- Independent judgment for the feasibility of the planned complex research in the areas of genetic engineering.
Communication skills - Skills for team work and active collaboration with other team members by sharing of responsibilities and tasks.
- Skills for communication with public and private research centers, governmental stakeholders (ministries, educational organizations) and the applied laboratories (medical diagnostic, veterinary, agricultural laboratories and biotechnology companies).
- Skills for public presentation of the research and applied science results, conclusions and facts results.
- Effective participation in multidisciplinary teams concerning the molecular biology and genetics.
- Responsibility for individual and team results, initiation and management of projects.
Learning skills - Continuously follows the latest achievements in molecular biology, genetics and genetic engineering through seminars, conferences, workshops, training courses, etc.
- Presents initiative for farther improvement of professional skills and high independence in the research and applications having in mind the needs of the society.




Semester 1

Cell Biology

General Chemistry

Mathematics and Biostatistics

Physics for Biologists

Human Anatomy


Semester 2

Organic Chemistry

Plant Anatomy and Morphology

Histology and Embryology

Laboratory Practicum

Elective subject


Semester 3

Analytical and Instrumental Chemistry

Biochemistry 1

Typology of Animals

Cell Biophysics

Elective subject


Semester 4

Molecular Physiology

Plant Systematics

Biochemistry 2

Basics of Ecology and Evolution

Physical Chemistry

Elective subject


Semester 5

Molecular Animal Physiology


Basic Molecular Biology

Plant Biochemistry

Elective subject


Semester 6

Molecular Biology of Plants

General Genetics

Intercellular Communications

Elective subject

Elective subject


Semester 7

Molecular Genetics

Human Genetics

Molecular Immunology

Elective subject

Elective subject

Elective subject


Semester 8

Microbial Biotechnology


Genetic  Engineering

Applied Molecular Genetics

Elective subject

Diploma Thesis


List of elective subjects

Radiation Biology

History of Biology

Laboratory Analysis of Plant Material


Introduction to Ichtiology

Animal Behavior

Forensic Entomology

Physiological Mechanisms of Circulation

Medical Fungi

Application of Diatoms in Ecology and Medicine

Medical Plants

Biology of Cancer

Physiologic Functions of Secondary Biomolecules

Plant Antioxidants

Ontogeny of Vertebrates

Genetically Modified Organisms

Animal Stress Physiology

Pathogenic Microorganisms

Introduction to Genomics and Proteomics

Animal Tissue Culture


Methodological Engineering of Plants


Applied Enzymology

Clinical Biochemistry

Micropropagation of Genetically Modified Plants