Graduate studies - Studies in Biology (Teachers in Secondary Education), studies at the Institute of Biology, faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje

1st cycle, 4 years, 8 semesters, 240 ECTS-credits

Field- biology - ecology/environmental sciences

The study program in ecology lasts for 4 years (8 semesters) with 3600 classes of theory and practice, for which the student acquires 240 credits. The professional title after the termination of the first cycle of studies and defense of graduate thesis is Bachelor of Science in Biology - Ecology (B.Sci.Biol.Ecol.) Thus study at bachelor's level and the programme is designed to meet the level VII/2 and qualification descriptors in full. The study programme provides continuation of education on higher level i.e. postgraduate studies (specialization or masters studies) in different areas of biology, ecology and environmental sciences.

Type of description Cycle of study Qualification descriptors
Knowledge and understanding 1st cycle - Acquires general knowledge in natural sciences (physics, geology, chemistry).
- Possesses understanding of the living world functioning at all biological levels.
- Acquires skills for interconnection of the elements of different biological sciences.
- Possesses understanding of modern principles in education.
Applying knowledge and understanding - Possesses skills for research in different biological sciences.
- Acquires knowledge of biodiversity, especially in the Republic of Macedonia and needs for its conservation.
- Skills for implementation of active biological education following the modern educational techniques.
- Possesses knowledge and skills for work in educational organizations, research institutions, natural-history museums, etc.
Making judgment - Demonstrates skills for deduction of conclusions from experiments and laboratory and natural environment.
- Possesses skills for adjustment and organization of the education according to the educational programs and needs of the pupils/students.
Communication skills - Skills for team work and active collaboration with other team members by sharing of responsibilities and tasks.
- Skills for communication with the pupils/students and guidance during their education.
- Skills for communication with the public through media, debates.
- Effective participation in multidisciplinary teams concerning the environment.
- Responsibility for individual and team results, initiation and management of projects.
Learning skills - Presents initiative for farther improvement of professional skills and high independence in the shaping of future education having in mind the needs of the society.
- Continuously follows the latest achievements in biology and biological education through seminars, conferences, training courses, etc.




Semester 1




Physics for biologists

Basic human anatomy


Semester 2


Plant Anatomy and Morphology

Histology and Embryology



Semester 3

Systematic and phylogeny of algae and fungi

General biochemistry


Elective subject


Semester 4


General physiology

Plant physiology


Semester 5

Animal physiology

General genetic


Basic Molecular Biology

Elective subject


Semester 6


Plant ecology

Comparative anatomy

Elective subject


Semester 7

Animal ecology and zoogeography


Macedonian language

Elective subject

Elective subject

Elective subject


Semester 8

Methods in biology teaching

Environmental protection

Phytogeography and phytocoenology

Elective subject

Diploma Thesis


List of elective subjects

Fungi Macedonici

Ecology of harmful algae

Animal behavio

Critical thinking in teching

Comparative endocrinology


Basic Ichthyology


Biogeochemical cycles


Assessment in biology teaching

Medicinal plants

Selected chapters of ontogeny of Vertebrates

Nutrition and metabolism in plants

Biology of diatoms

Physiological Mechanisms of Circulation

Experiment in biology

Landscape ecology

Population genetics